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湖北成人教育2018年成人高考高起點英語預測真題及答案(十)

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湖北成人教育2018年成人高考高起點英語預測真題及答案(十).doc

選作題I:

Part IDialogue Communication ( 15 % )

Directions: In this section, you will read 15 short incomplete dialogues between two speakers, each fol-lowed by 4 choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the answer that best suits the situation to complete the dialogue by .marking the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

1. Dad: Could you run over to the store right away? We need a few things.

Son:__________

A. Yes, I could. I want to play football.

B. For me, running is not a problem. I' d like to do exercises.

C. Yes, storing a few things away is quite necessary, right?

D. All right. What do you want me to get?

2. W: How does your daughter like her new school?

M:__________

A. Fine. She seems to have made some new friends in no time.

B. She likes it so much that she' 11 soon be reluctant to leave the school.

C. Though she likes the new school, she loves her old school much stronger.

D. Well, I' m afraid I don' t know exactly.

3. Speaker A: Billy, have you heard the latest news? It appears that we won't be laid off (解雇) after all.

Speaker B :__________

A. Congratulations. We are going to get promoted.

B. Great. We are going to have a new job.

C. Oh, somehow I' m tired of working here anyway.

D. Really. We are not going to resign from our post.

4. Dancy : Hello, Fred. What' s wrong with your arm?

Fred: I broke it when I was skating during the holiday.

Dancy : Oh, No ! __________

Fred: Much better, thanks.

A. What a nuisance!

B. How awful! How is it now?

C. Why was that?

D. What a trouble!

5. Speaker A: I wonder if Mary will really come at 7: 00. She said she would.

Speaker B.__________

A. You can take it easy. Mary always says what she would do.

B. You needn' t be worried. Mary is an honest person.

C. Don' t worry about it. Her words are as good as gold.

D. Just take it easy. Time will soon come.

6. Andy: My schedule (安排表) this afternoon is an absolute mess. Between 3:30 and 4:00 I' m supposed to be in four different places. There is no way.

Frank: I' ve done that before. __________?

A. Anything I can help you

B. Something I can help you

C. Anything I can help you with

D. Something I can help you with

7. Tom: Paulo,__________

Paulo: Nice to meet you.

A. I would like you to meet my friend, Alex.

B. How are you?

C. It is a nice day, isn' t it?

D. It is Alex.

8. Speaker A: Excuse me, can you tell me where High Street is, please?

Speaker B :__________

A. It' s quite far from here. You can' t get there.

B. Not at all. It' s only about 5 minutes' walk.

C. Take the second turn on the left and then ask again.

D. 1 should ask you. I' m a stranger myself.

9. Bob: It' s late. I have to say goodbye.

Mrs. Black:__________

A. Why do you want to go now?

B. I' d like to say goodbye, too.

C. That' s all right.

D. Hope you have a good time. See you tomorrow.

10. Lucy: Tom, would you like a drink?

Tom.__________

 A. I don' t care. But thank you anyway.

 B. No, thank you. I had some Coke just now.

 C. Thank you. I care about what to drink.

 D. Don' t trouble yourself. Nobody care about it.

11. Speaker A : We' 11 miss you. Have a good journey.

 Speaker B.__________

 A. I miss you, too.

 B. How time flies.

 C. Thank you for all you' ve done for me.

 D. I' m pleased to be with you here.

12. W : You seem to have a lot of work at your office. You' ve always been staying late and work-ing overtime.

 M: __________

A. What you say is right. But don' t you know the meaning of work?

B. Yes. That' s true. But don' t you know the common saying: "Always work and no play makes Jack a dull boy"?

C. That' s true, but it' s no bother to me. The work is interesting and fun. I don' t mind the ex- tra hours at all.

D. Sorry. I cannot listen to your advice. Overwork can bring me overpay, you know.

13. Speaker A: I' ve got a fever and a really bad headache.

 Speaker B :__________

 A. Why are you so careless about yourself?

 B. This kind of thing happens to everyone.

 C. You should take good care of yourself.

 D. Oh, that' s too bad. Why don't you take some aspirin?

14. W: Have you found your book yet?

 M:__________

 A. No. But I didn' t remember where I had put it.

 B. No. I am not sure what I have done with it.

 C. Not yet. And I' m sure I have lost it for ever.

 D. Still not. It seemed to me I shall never get it back.

15. Lodger: I'm terribly sorry that I broke your precious vase. I' ll pay for it.

 Landlady:__________

A. Can' t complain.

B. Never mind.

C. Relax yourself.

D. Take care.

Part IReading Comprehension (30 % )

Directions : There are 3 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfin-ished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:

Long bus rides are like television shows. They have a beginning, a middle, and an end—with commercials thrown in every three or four minutes. The commercials are unavoidable. They happen whether you want them or not. Every couple of minutes a billboard glides by outside the bus win-dow. "Buy Super Clean Toothpaste. "" Drink Root Beer. " "Fill up with Pacific Gas. " Only if you sleep, which is equal to turning the television set off, are you spared the unending cry of "You Need It! Buy It Now.! "

The beginning of the ride is comfortable and somewhat exciting, even if you' ve traveled that way before. Usually some things have changed--new houses, new buildings, sometimes even a new road. (76) The bus driver has a style of driving and it' s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so. If the driver is particularly reckless or daring, the ride can be as thrilling as a suspense story.

Will the driver pass the truck in time? Will the driver move into the right or the left-hand lane? Af-ter a while, of course, the excitement dies down. Sleeping for a while helps pass the middle hours of the ride. Food always makes bus rides more interesting. But you' ve got to be careful of what kind of food you eat. Too much salty food can make you very thirsty between stops.

The end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning. You know it will soon be over and there ' s a kind of expectation and excitement in that. The seat, of course, has become harder as the hours have passed. (77)By now you' ve sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the right time. There are just no more ways to sit.

1. According to the passage, what do the passengers usually see when they are on a long bus trip?

A. Buses on the road.

B. Films on television.

C. Advertisements on the board.

D. Gas stations.

2. What is the purpose of this passage?

A. To give the writer' s opinion about long bus trips.

B. To persuade you to take a long bus trip.

C. To explain how bus trips and television shows differ.

D. To describe the billboards along the road.

3. The writer of this passage would probably be in favor of__________.

A. bus drivers who weren' t reckless

B. driving alone

C. a television set on the bus

D. no billboards along the road

4. The writer feels long bus rides are like TV shows because__________.

A. the commercials both on TV shows and on billboards along the road are fun

B. they both have a beginning, a middle, and an end, with commercials in every three or four minutes

C. the drivers are always reckless on TV shows just as they are on buses

D. both traveling and watching TV are not exciting

5. The writer thinks that the end of the ride is somewhat like the beginning because both are__________.

A. exciting

B. comfortable

C. tiring

D. boring

Passage 2

Questions 6 to l0 are based on the following passage :

It was not much fun to travel on one of the old sailing ships. Life was hard for both passengers and crew. (78)17th century sailing ships were small and roiled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick.

There were no toilets, and the spaces below deck where passengers had to stay during gales were often not more than 5 foot high. Water was scarce and the little water they got was brown and smelt terrible.

Food was a problem, too--there was only salted meat, ship' s biscuits and cheese, but the cheese was so hard that sailors often made buttons out of it for their jackets and trousers. There were no vegetables or fruit, so the people on board often fell ill.

The sailors, however, were a bit better off than the passengers. They each had a bottle of beer a day, and they needed. The work they had to do was hard and dangerous. (79)Courage was nee-ded, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sail-ors were swept overboard in a gale. Almost the worst thing about the voyages was the time they took up to 70 days for the journey across the Atlantic. Not surprisingly,, everybody was overjoyed when they at last approached land and stepped ashore. But some ships never arrived.

6. In the 17th century__________.

A. life on old sailing ships was enjoyable

B. people enjoyed sailing old ships in rough seas

C. most of the passengers felt comfortable when the ship was rolling

D. it was very painful for both passengers and crew during the voyage

7. The passengers__________when the ship was heavily rolling.

A. slept well

B. could drink a lot of water

C. had to stay below deck

D. had a big room of more than 5 foot high

8. Which of the following statements is true about food?

A. Passengers had a lot of vegetables, but no fruit.

B. The sailors had four tins of beer a day.

C. The people on the ship often fell ill because of the lack of food.

D. The food for the passengers was more and better than that for the crew.

9. The working condition of the sailors was very hard.__________.

A. They often had to set the sails in bad weather.

B. So they had less courage.

C. They were happy to be swept overboard in a strong wind.

D. A 70-day-journey across the Atlantic was their happiest thing.

10. When the people saw the land,__________.

A. only passengers were glad

B. the sailors had to swim ashore

C. they were surprised at the news that some ships never arrived

D. all of them were excited

Passage 3

Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:

No country in the world has more daily newspapers than the USA. There are almost 2,000 of them, as compared with 180 in Japan, 164 in Argentina and 111 in Britain. The quality of some American papers is extremely high and their views are quoted all over the world. Distinguished dai-lies like the Washington Post or the New York Times have a powerful influence all over the country.

However, the Post and the Times are not national newspapers in the sense that The Times is in Britain or LeMonde is in France, since each American city has its own daily newspaper. The best of these present detailed accounts of national and international news, but many tend to limit them-selves to state or cite news.

Like the press in most other countries, American newspapers range from the "sensational",which feature crime, sex and rumor, to the serious, which focus on factual news and the analysis of world events. But with few exceptions American newspapers try to entertain as well as give in-formation, for they have to compete with television.

Just as American newspapers give way to all tastes, so do they also try and apply to readers for all political persuasions. (80) A few newspapers support extremist gr_roups on the far right and on the far left, but most daily news papers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate. Many of these papers print columns by well-known journalists of different po-litical and social views, in order to present a balanced picture.

 As in other democratic countries American newspapers can be either responsible or irresponsi- ble, but it is generally accepted that the American press serves its country well and that it has more than once bravely uncovered political scandals (丑聞) or crimes, for instance, the Watergate Af- fair. The newspapers drew the attention of the public to the fears of the Vietnam War.

11. There are fewer national newspapers in __________.

A. Britain than in the USA

B. France than in Britain

C. the USA than in Britain or France

D. France than in the USA or Britain

12. Most American newspapers try to entertain their readers because__________.

A. they have to keep up a good relation with them

B. they have to compete with television

C. they have to write about crime, sex and rumor

D. they have to give factual news in an interesting way

13. Many American newspapers attract readers of different political tendency by__________.

A. supporting extremist groups from time to time

B. inviting middle-of-the-road Americans to write articles for them

C. avoiding carrying articles about extremists

D. printing articles representing different political viewpoints

14. In this passage, the word "press" (Para. 2) means__________.

A. a machine for printing

B. the business of printing

C. great force

D. newspapers

15. The passage is mainly about__________.

A. the characteristics of American newspapers

B. thc development of American newspapers

C. the functions of American newspapers

D. the merits and shortcomings of American newspapers

 Part ⅡVocabulary and Structure (30 % )

Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences.For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corre-sponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

16. All the reference books should be made __________to the teachers and students in our university.

A. concerned

B. available

C. related

D. flexible

17. We shall appreciate__________ from you soon.

A. being heard

B. hearing

C. to hear

D. having been heard

18. I' d__________ you didn' t touch that, if you don' t mind.

A. rather

B. better

C. happier

D. further

19.He was__________enough to understand my questions from the gestures I made.

A. intelligent

B. efficient

C. proficient

D. diligent

20. " Good-bye, Mr. Wang. I' m pleased __________you. "

A. to meet

B. meeting

C. to have been meeting

D. to be met

21. The new law, it is said, will be__________.

A. put into effect

B. taken into account

C. kept in sight

D. brought to mind

22. The old man walked slowly, stopping frequently__________.

A.on rest

B. at rest

C. resting

D. to rest

23. The __________flowers were all that remained.

A. two yellow little

B. little two yellow

C. yellow two little

D. two little yellow

24. Don' t risk __________the job which so many people want.

A. losing

B. to lose

C. lost

D. your life to lose

25__________anything about the accident, he went to work as well.

A. Not know

B. Know not

C. Knowing not

D. Not knowing

26. These courses, if properly conducted, will__________ the minds of the students.

A. refresh

B. renew

C. stimulate

D. encourage

27. He spoke so quickly that I didn' t __________ what he said.

A. receive

B. accept

C. listen

D. catch

28. He had been __________to give up much of his time to housework.

A. ordered

B. persuaded

C. compelled

D. frightened

29. With a school record like yours,__________ why you didn' t try for a university scholarship.

A. I' m shocked

B. I' m puzzled

C. I' m amazed

D. I feel pity

30. Robert looked as if he were about to __________when his motives were questioned.

A. flare up

B. jump up

C. burst up

D. look up

31. He__________ that he could create live fish out of chemicals.

A. demanded

B. asserted

C. argued

D. announced

32. He got up to the roof__________a ladder.

A. by all means

B. by any means

C. by means of

D. by no means

33. He is sincere and easy to__________.

A. get down to

B. get at

C. get along with

D.get over

34. She likes hearing her own voice. She never stops__________.

A. talking

B. telling

C. to talk

D. to tell

35. __________at the door before you come into the room.

A. Hit

B. Knock

C. Touch

D. Strike

36. She __________to her teacher for coming to school late.

A. excused

B. apologized

C. pardoned

D. confessed

37. The new medicine the doctor __________for the pain in my stomach is imported and quite expen- sive.

A. bought

B. prescribed

C. described

D. discovered

38. Every dog that came __________was a terror to me.

A. in sight

B. to sight

C. on sight

D. at sight

39. Say__________what you mean and then there will be no misunderstanding.

A. casually

B. eventually

C. necessary

D. precisely

40. It would be a mistake to__________this law to situations which are outside this range.

A. apply

B. employ

C. use

D. fit

41. We tried to __________the nervous old lady that flying was safe.

A. secure

B. ensure

C. assure

D. certify

42. This is one of__________ beautiful places in this city.

A. most of the

B. most of

C. the most

D. most

43. The speed __________is 340 meters per second.

A. at which sound travels

B. with which sound travels

C. of which sound travels

D. for which sound travels

44. He studied hard at school when he was young, __________contributes to his success in later life.

A. which

B. that

C. what

D. each of which

45. The cost of the air fare is higher than__________.

A. the rail fare

B. that of the rail fare

C. those of the rail fare

D. which of the rail fare

Part mIdentification ( 10 % )

Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

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 Part 1VCloze ( 10 % )

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Man cannot go on increasing his number at the present rate. in the5630 years man will face a period of crisis.57experts believe that there will be a widespread food58.Other experts think this is59pessimistic (悲觀的), and that man can prevent things from 60worse than they are now. But remember that two thirds of the people in the world are under-nour-ished or starving now.

61thing that man can do is to limit the62of babies born. The need63this is obvious, but it is not64to achieve. People have to be65to limit their families. In the countries of the population66, many people like big families. The parents think that this 67a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look68them in old age.

Several governments have69birth control policies in recent years.70them are Japan, China, India and Egypt. In some71the results have not been successful. Japan has been an 72. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People were73to limit their families.

The birth74fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year75present.

56. A. second

B. recent

C. next

D. late

57. A. Any

B. Some

C. More

D. All

58. A. need

B. want

C. absence

D. shortage

59. A. so

B. much

C. too

D. enough

60. A. being

B. getting

C. doing

D. remaining

61. A. One

B. Another

C. Only

D. Sole

62. A. quantity

B. whole

C. amount

D. number

63. A. for

B. in

C. of

D. about

64. A. easy

B. critical

C. difficult

D. tough

65. A. inclined

B. prevailed

C. persuaded

D. converted

66. A. bursting

B. explosion

C. raising

D. extension

67. A. takes

B. extension

C. makes

D. derives

68. A. upon

B. over

C. into

D. after

69. A. adjusted

B. created

C. adopted

D. presented

70. A. Of

B. Among

C. Between

D. Out of

71. A. prospects

B. examples

C. events

D. cases

72. A. evidence

B. answer

C. exception

D. incident

73. A. encouraged

B. approved

C. supported

D. promoted

74. A. rate

B. speed

C. frequency

D. ratio

75. A. for

B. at

C. in

D. until

Part VTranslation (20 % )

 Section A

 Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can re-fer back to the passages so to identify their meanings in the context.

76. The bus driver has a style of driving and it' s fun to try to figure it out the first hour or so.( Passage 1 )

77. By now you've sat with your legs crossed, with your hands in your lap, with your hands on the armrests--even with your hands crossed behind your head. The end comes just at the right time.(Passage 1 )

78.17th century sailing ships were small and rolled heavily in rough seas, so most of the passengers were seasick. ( Passage 2 )

79. Courage was needed, for the heavy sails had to be set and taken down in all kinds of weather, and quite often sailors were swept overboard in a gale. (Passage 2 )

30. A few newspapers support extremist groups on the far right and on the far left, but most daily newspapers attempt to attract middle-of-the-road Americans who are essentially moderate.( Passage 3 )

Section B

Directions: In this part there are 5 sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.

81.研究表明男人比女人更容易得心臟病。

82.這個星期天氣很干燥。

83.我已了解清楚,她的結論是以事實為根據的。

84.這個問題可以在下次會議上討論。

85.你可以依賴于我的幫助。

選作題Ⅱ:

 Part VWriting ( 15% )

Directions : For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic "Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary". You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below :

1.很多人認為有必要舉行口語考試,理由是…;

2.也有人持不同的意見,…;

3.我的看法和打算。

參考答案:

選作題I:

Part I Dialogue Communication

1.D2.A3.C4.B5.C6.C7.A8.C9.Dl0.B11.Cl2.Cl3.Dl4.Bl5.B

Part I  Reading Comprehension

Passage l

1.C事實細節題。第一段提到在長途的公交車旅途中,會有各種鋪天蓋地的廣告牌映人眼簾,和C一致。而A、B、D在第一段中都沒有提到。

2.A推理判斷題。這篇文章的結構比較清楚,作者就是講述自己對長途公交車旅途(開始、途中、結尾)的感受,這和A一致。作者并沒有表露出說服大家乘坐長途公交車的意思,所以B不對。作者只是說長途公交旅途像電視節目,并沒說明兩者的不同,C也不對。第一段描述了路邊的廣告牌,但不是全文的主要內容,D太片面。

3.D推理判斷題。第一段作者明顯地表現出了對鋪天蓋地的廣告牌的反感,而B、C文中沒有提到,第二段第四句提到如果司機開車比較冒險,會是個讓人興奮的旅程,從這里可看出作者不排斥愛冒險的司機,故A也不對。

4.B事實細節題。第一段第二句提到長途公交旅途和電視節目相似的地方在于,他們都有開始、中途和結尾,并且每隔三、四分鐘插上一段廣告,所以選B。

5.A事實細節題。最后一段提到結束和開始的相似之處在于結束時有種期待和興奮的感覺,這和旅途剛開始是一樣的。

Passage 2

6.D事實細節題。第一段提到17世紀時因為船小、在海浪中顛簸得厲害,航海生活對于乘客和船員都非常艱苦,而A、B、C恰好與之相反,所以選D。

7.C事實細節題。第二段第一句話提到刮大風時,乘客們不得不待在甲板下面不足5英尺高的地方,而A、B、D與航海生活艱苦相悖,所以選c。

8.C事實細節題。第三段最后一句話提到由于沒有蔬菜和水果,船上的人經常生病,和c相符,可以排除A。最后一段提到船員一天必須喝一瓶啤酒,而不是四聽,可知B不對。D也不對,船員和乘客吃的食物一樣差而少,只是為了工作需要而每天喝一瓶酒。

9.A事實細節題。最后一段提到船員們不管在什么樣的天氣下,都必須掛風帆和降帆,經常被大風吹到甲板上,工作十分辛苦,而B、C、D明顯不對,所以選A。

10.D事實細節題。倒數第二句話提到當船終于靠岸時大家都歡呼雀躍,很興奮。最后一句話雖然提到有些船永遠不能到岸,但人們對此不感到驚奇,故C不對,所以選D。

Passage 3

11.C事實細節題。第一段后半部分提到美國每個城市都有自己的報紙,而且很少有報紙把自己定位為像英國的《泰晤士報》那樣的國家級媒體,所以選C。

12.B事實細節題。第二段最后一句話說美國報紙除了提供信息外也努力去娛樂人們,因為它們必須和電視競爭。

13.D事實細節題。第三段最后一句話提到許多美國報紙通過刊登持不同政治和社會觀點的著名記者的文章來顯示它的公正,所以選D。

14.D詞匯理解題。因為此句話的主語是American newspapers,由此可推斷出press意思就是newspapers。

15.A推理判斷題。這篇文章通篇介紹了美國報紙的特點,如多數報紙是州級或市級報紙,新聞涵蓋面廣,提供不同的政治和社會觀點而力求公正,責任感強等,所以選A。

Part Ⅱ  Vocabulary and Structure

16.B本題考查形容詞辨析。stll.be available to sb.“某物對于某人是可以使用的”。con—cerned“關心的”;related“相關的”;flexible“靈活的,柔韌的”。句意為:所有參考書都應對我們大學的師生們開放。

17.B本題考查動詞搭配。appreciate doing sth.“感激做某事”,可排除C;這里應用動詞主動形式,也不能用完成時,所以A、D不對。句意為:我們將期待盡快收到您的來信。

18.A本題考查固定句型。would rather“寧愿…”,后接虛擬語氣,其他詞均不用虛擬。句意為:如果你不介意,我寧愿你不要觸碰那里。

19.A本題考查形容詞辨析。intelligent“聰明的”;efficient“有效率的”;proficient“精通的”;diligent“勤奮的”。句意為:他足夠聰明能從我的手勢中理解我的問題。

20.B本題考查時態和語態。to meet是動詞不定式,表示將來或剛開始;meeting表示在進行或剛完成;to have been meeting表示完成“我很高興過去見過你”;to be met表示被動語態。句意為:王先生,再見,很高興和你見面。

21.A本題考查動詞短語。put into effect“生效”;take into account“考慮”;keep in sight“在視線里”;bring to mind“想起”。句意為:據說這部新法律將被實施。

22.D本題考查動詞固定搭配。stop to do sth.“停下來做某事”;stop doing sth.“停止做某事”;on rest“依靠,依賴,停留”;沒有at rest的搭配。句意為:老人緩慢地走著,時不時停下來休息。

23.D本題考查前置形容詞的排序。順序為:冠詞(the)+數詞(two)+描繪形容詞+特征形容詞(大小“little”+顏色“yellow”)+名詞(flowers)。句意為:只剩下兩朵小黃花了。

24.A本題考查動詞用法。risk doing sth.“冒險做(危險的或令人討厭的事情)”;risk one’s life to do sm.“冒著生命危險做某事”。句意為:不要冒險丟掉這份很多人都想要的工作。

25.D本題考查現在分詞做狀語的用法。否定詞應放在動詞前面。句意為:由于對這場事故一無所知,他又去工作了。

26.C本題考查動詞辨析。stimulate“刺激,激勵”;refresh“(使)精神振作,(使)精力恢復,更新”;renew“使更新,使恢復”;encourage“鼓勵”。句意為:這些課程在合適的引導下將能激勵學生們的思想。

27.D本題考查動詞辨析。catch“捕捉,理解”;receive“接收”;accept“接受”;listen“聽見”。句意為:他說得太快了我根本聽不懂他說什么。

28.C本題考查動詞辨析。be compelled to do sth.“被迫做某事”,符合題意。句意為:他被迫花大量的時間做家務。

29.B本題考查形容詞辨析。puzzled“迷惑的”,符合題意。因為前面說有這么好的成績,而且后面緊跟著why;而shocked“震驚的”,amazed“驚喜的”和pity“可惜的”后面跟why都不合適。句意為:我弄不懂你成績這么好為什么不努力去申請學校獎學金。

30.A本題考查動詞短語。flare up“突然發怒”;jump up“突然跳起”;burst up“爆炸,失敗,垮臺”;look up“向上看,查尋”。句意為:當羅伯特的動機被質疑時,他看起來好像隨時要大發雷霆。

31.B本題考查動詞辨析。assert“聲稱,(堅決)斷言”;demand“要求”;argue“爭論,辯論”;announce“宣布,通告”。句意為:他堅稱他可以用化學物品培育出活魚來。

32.C本題考查固定短語。by means of“靠…方法”;by all means“用一切方法”;by any means“無論如何”;by no means“決不”。句意為:他通過梯子到達屋頂。

33.C本題考查固定短語。get along with“和…相處”;get down to“開始認真做某事”;get at“到達,了解”;get over“克服,恢復”。句意為:他待人真誠,很容易相處。

34.A本題考查動詞用法。stop doing sth.“停止做某事”;stop to do sth.“停下來去做某事”,由此可排除C、D,而B不符合題意。句意為:她喜歡聽她自己的聲音,所以滔滔不絕地講。

35.B本題考查固定搭配。knock at the door“敲門”,是固定用法。句意為:你進房間之前請敲門。

36.B本題考查動詞用法。apologize to sb.for doing sth.“因某事向某人道歉”。句意為:她因上學遲到向老師道歉。

37.B本題考查動詞辨析。prescribe“開處方,開藥”。句意為:醫生給我開的治療胃痛的新藥是進口的,特別貴。

38.A本題考查固定搭配。in sight(of)“看見”。句意為:我看見任何一條狗都感到害怕。

39.D本題考查副詞辨析。precisely“精確地,準確地”;casually“偶然地,隨便地”,eventually“最后”;necessary“必要的”。句意為:準確地說出你的意思,這樣就不會產生誤解。

40.A本題考查動詞辨析。apply sth.to sth.“把…應用于…”,其他三個動詞沒有這樣的固定搭配。句意為:把這條法律應用于這個范圍之外將是個錯誤。

41.C本題考查動詞辨析。assure sb.that…“向某人保證…”;secure(adj.)“安全的”;ensure“確保”和certify“證明,保證”沒有這樣的搭配。句意為:我們努力向這位緊張的老婦人保證飛行是安全的。

42.C本題考查形容詞最高級用法。形容詞最高級前必須用定冠詞the。句意為:這是這個城市最美麗的地方之一。

43.A本題考查介詞的搭配。速度前面應用介詞at。句意為:聲音傳播的速度為每秒340米。

44.A本題考查非限制性定語從句的用法。本句后半句為非限制性定語從句,which指代前半句話。非限制性定語從句只能用which,as引導。句意為:他年輕時在學校學習很努力,這為他以后的成功鋪墊了道路。

45.B本題考查代詞的用法。本題中that指代的是前面的the cost,which不能指代名詞,those指代的是復數名詞。句意為:坐飛機的費用比坐火車要高。

Part Ⅲ  Identification

46.D關系代詞在定語從句中做seen的賓語,所以應用whom。

47.C名詞的單復數錯誤,應改為categories。因為前面的數詞是two,category是可數名詞,應用復數。

48.C動詞短語用法錯誤,應改為stopped to talk。stop to do“停下來去干另外一件事”;stop doing“停止正在做的事情”,句中是說瑪麗停下來和她的老朋友說話。

49.C時態錯誤,應去掉will,get變成第三人稱單數形式gets。因為時間狀語從句中用一般現在時表將來。

50.D重復錯誤,應把it去掉。此處to walk on是不定式做后置定語,修飾thick,on的賓語是ice,承前詞省略,因此不需要it做賓語。

51.A動詞短語用法錯誤,應改為to watch。prefer to do sth.“更喜歡做某事”。

52.B  同位語引導語錯誤,應改為the reason that。reason與后面的句子是同位語的關系,故應用that。

53.C平行結構錯誤,應改為to travel。to travel與to fly是兩個相比較的平行的結構,故應保持結構一致。

54.A分詞做狀語錯誤,應改為given the opportunity。主語是人child,是被給予機會,所以應用過去分詞做狀語,表被動。

55.D  修飾詞與名詞搭配錯誤,應改為0ther boys。the other后面一般跟單數名詞,通常one…the other表示兩并列的事物;other后一般接復數名詞,表示除了此物(人)之外的其他任何物(人)。

Part Ⅳ  Cloze

56.C這句話是說,在未來30年內人類將面臨一場災難。next表示“下一個的,接下來的”,與句意相符。

57.B  因后一句有other,所以這一句應用some。

58.D food shortage“食物短缺”,是固定搭配。

59.C上一句說有些專家認為會引起普遍的食物短缺,這里說其他專家認為此觀點過于悲觀,

因此用too。

60.B get在此處是個系動詞,意為“變得…”,最符合題意。being沒有變化的意思;remaining意為“保持”,不能與比較級連用。

61.A此句意思為“人類能做的一件事是…”,another指“另一件事”,0nly和sole都指“惟一的”,與句意不符。

62.D此句意思為“控制新生兒的數量”。C選項修飾不可數名詞,可排除。B選項“整體、全體”與句意不符。A選項是指整體來考慮的數量,與質量相對,因此答案為D。

63.A the need for“對…的需要”,是固定搭配。

64.A根據句意“要實現控制新生兒數量這個目標不容易”,故只能選A。

65.C根據句意“必須說服人們去控制他們的家庭人數”,persuade“說服”,最符合題意。Be inclined to“傾向于,想要”;prevail“流行,遍布”;convert“轉化,變換”。

66.B population explosion“人口爆炸”,是固定搭配。

67.C make an income“成為收入的來源”,符合題意;derive常與from連用。

68.D look after“照顧”,最符合題意;look upon“認為,看待”;look over“調查,從…上面看”;look into“窺視,觀察”。

69.C adopt“采取、采用”,最符合題意;adjust“調整”;create“創造”;present“出示,交出”。此句意為采取了計劃生育的政策。

70.B后面提到的國家超過了3個,所以用among,between是指兩者之間。

71.D in some eases“在某些情況下”;in prospect“可期待,有…希望,在考慮中”。

72.C上句提到在有些地方計劃生育政策實施得并不成功,下面又提到Ft本這個國家,由數據顯示我們可知日本的生育率下降了,因此日本實施計劃生育政策是成功的,即Ft本是個“例外”,所以選C。

73.A encourage“鼓勵”;approve“贊成,同意”;support“支持”;promote“促進,發揚,提升”。本句意為“政府鼓勵人們限制家庭的規模”,因此A符合題意。

74.A birth rate“出生率”,是固定搭配。

75.B at present“現在,目前”,是固定搭配。

Part V Translation

Section A

76.公交車司機都有自己的開車風格,而在開始的一個小時左右觀察這種風格是有趣的事情。

77.現在,你雙腿交叉著坐在座位上,雙手或者放在大腿上,或者放在扶手上,或者交叉著枕在頭后面。這時旅途就正好結束了。

78.17世紀的帆船很小,并且在風大浪急的海上顛簸得厲害,所以大多數乘客都會暈船。

79.勇氣是必須的,因為不管天氣如何,厚重的帆都要由船員們掛起或降下,船員們經常會被大風吹到甲板上。

80.一些報紙支持那些極端主義者如右派或左派,但是大部分報紙都試圖吸引那些持中立觀點的美國人。

Section B

81. Studies show that men are more likely to suffer from heart attacks than women.

82. The weather has been dry this week.

83. I have found out that her conclusion is based on facts.

84. The issue can be discussed at the next meeting.

85. You can count on my help.

選作題Ⅱ:

Part VWriting

 Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary

 In many kinds of English tests such as CET ( College English Test), TEM ( Test for English majors), etc. a test of spoken English will be optional. Some people consider that it is unquestion-ably necessary to hold a test of spoken English in China because spoken English is as important as written English. Both of them are effective communication ways for English speakers. But some-times even those top students who are good at grammar and writing skills find that it is difficult to express their thoughts freely when speaking. A test of spoken English will make students attach more importance to oral English, and thus help them with their communicating skills.

 On the other hand, there are also people who hold that good reading, writing and translating skills would be enough for the average English learners. College students are already under great pressure from their study. Another required test will be a burden to them.

 In my opinion, I believe that a test of spoken English will do more good than harm. And I shall make all my efforts to practice and improve my spoken English.

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